Biblical Commentary

  • INTRODUCTION to 1-2 Kings

    Christian readers today usually classify 1-2 Kings as books of Old Testament history, reflecting the fact that they include a good deal of history and read like history accounts. However, the Jewish canon classified them as the fifth and sixth books of the Former Prophets (which also include Joshua, Judges, and 1-2 Samuel), reflecting the emphasis on the work of prophets in these books.

  • 1 Kings 2:10-12; 3:3-14

    David slept with his fathers, and was buried in the city of David. Solomon sat on the throne of David his father; and his kingdom was firmly established. Then Adonijah told Bathsheba, "The kingdom was mine."

  • 1 Kings 2:10-12; 3:3-14

    David slept with his fathers, and was buried in the city of David. Solomon sat on the throne of David his father; and his kingdom was firmly established. Then Adonijah told Bathsheba, "The kingdom was mine."

  • 1 Kings 3:5-12

    Yahweh appeared to Solomon in a dream and said, "Ask what I shall give you." Solomon said, "I am but a child. I don't know how to go out or come in. Give your servant therefore an understanding heart to judge your people."

  • 1 Kings 8:1, 6, 10-11, 22-30, 41-43

    Solomon prayed, "Listen to the supplication of your servant, and of your people Israel, when they shall pray toward this place. Yes, hear in heaven, your dwelling place; and when you hear, forgive."

  • 1 Kings 17:8-24

    Elijah said to her, "Don't be afraid. Make me little cake, and afterward make some for you and your son. For thus says Yahweh, 'The jar of meal shall not empty, neither shall the jar of oil fail, until the day that Yahweh sends rain on the earth.'"

  • 1 Kings 18:20-39

    Ahab gathered the prophets together to Mount Carmel. Elijah came near to all the people, and said, "How long will you waver between the two sides? If Yahweh is God, follow him; but if Baal, then follow him."

  • 1 Kings 19:1-21

    Ahab told Jezebel how Elijah had done had killed all the prophets of Baal with the sword. Jezebel sent a messenger to Elijah, saying, “So let the gods do to me, and more also, if I don’t make your life as the life of one of them by tomorrow!”

  • 1 Kings 21:1-21

    Ahab spoke to Naboth, saying, "Give me your vineyard, that I may have it for a garden of herbs, because it is near to my house; and I will give you for it a better vineyard than it. Or, if it seems good to you, I will give you its worth in money."